It has been established that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can have a suppressive effect on T cells, yet much remains unknown about the underlying mechanisms that support this effect. The T cell co-stimulatory pathway involving the programmed death-1 (PD-1) receptor and its ligand PD-L1 regulates T cell activation, tolerance, and subsequent immune-mediated tissue damage. In this study, human palatine tonsil-derived MSCs (T-MSCs) constitutively expressed PD-L1 and exhibited a suppressive activity that specifically targeted murine Th17 differentiation. Additionally, polyinosinic–polycytidylic acid (poly I:C), a Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) ligand, increased PD-L1 expression on T-MSCs. The elevated PD-L1 levels enhanced the suppressive functions of T-MSCs on Th17 differentiation. Therefore, pre-stimulation of T-MSCs with poly I:C may serve as an effective therapeutic priming step for modulating Th17-dominant immune responses.
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - 1 Feb 2017|
- Poly I:C
- Tonsil-derived MSCs