Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 and diabetic nephropathy

Hi Bahl Lee, Hunjoo Ha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations


Diabetic nephropathy is characterized by excessive accumulation of extracellular matrix (ECM) in the kidney. Decreased ECM degradation as well as increased ECM synthesis plays an important role in ECM remodeling that favours tissue fibrosis. Plasminogen activator (PA)/plasmin/PA inhibitor (PAI) system is involved in ECM degradation and PAI-1 plays a critical role in ECM remodeling in the kidney. Normal human kidneys do not express PAI-1 but PAI-1 is overexpressed in pathologic conditions associated with renal fibrosis including diabetic nephropathy. Reactive oxygen species mediate PAI-1 up-regulation in renal cells cultured under high glucose, hypoxia, and TGF-β1. Recent studies utilizing PAI-1 deficient mice suggest that PAI-1 induce ECM deposition in diabetic kidney through increased ECM synthesis by TGF-β1 up-regulation as well as through decreased ECM degradation by suppression of plasmin and MMP-2 activity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S11-S13
Issue numberSUPPL. 2
StatePublished - Oct 2005


  • Diabetic nephropathy
  • Extracellular matrix
  • PAI-1
  • Reactive oxygen species


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