Background: The Klotho protects the cardiovascular system by protecting against cell apoptosis, inhibiting the production of reactive oxygen species, and modulating inflammation. We aimed to investigate relationship of plasma Klotho concentrations with functional outcome at 3 months after acute cerebral infarction. Methods: We prospectively enrolled 262 first-ever acute cerebral infarction patients from whom a blood sample was acquired within 24 h of admission. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used for evaluating plasma Klotho concentration. Functional outcome on admission and three months was evaluated. Results: Of the 262 patients, 152 (58.0%) were men. The mean age of these patients was 64.7 years. The mean ± standard deviation of plasma Klotho concentrations was 312.7 ± 153.3 pg/mL. As opposed to patients with good outcome, plasma Klotho levels were lower in the poor outcome group (207.8 ± 96.2 vs. 342.5 ± 153.5 pg/mL, p =.001). In multivariate analysis, increased plasma Klotho concentrations were independently associated with good functional outcome (Odds ratio: 2.42, 95% confidence interval: 1.45–4.04, p <.001). Conclusions: Increased plasma Klotho concentrations were associated with good functional outcome in patients with acute ischemic stroke. We attribute these associations to the pleiotropic effects of Klotho in stroke and vascular diseases.Key message Increased plasma Klotho concentrations were associated with good functional outcome in patients with acute ischemic stroke.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This project was supported by grant from the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea funded by the Ministry of Education (2018R1D1A1B07040959).
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- fibroblast growth factor 23
- functional outcome