Pilot-scale subcritical solvent extraction of curcuminoids from Curcuma long L.

Hye Lim Kwon, Myong Soo Chung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Abstract Curcuminoids consisted curcumin, demethoxycurcumin and bisdemethoxycurcumin, were extracted from turmeric using subcritical solvent by varying conditions of temperature (110-150 °C), time (1-10 min), pressure (5-100 atm), solid-to-solvent ratio, and mixing ratio of solvent. Preliminary lab-scale experiments were conducted to determine the optimum extraction temperature and mixing ratio of water and ethanol for the pilot-scale extraction. The maximum yield of curcuminoids in the pilot-scale system was 13.58% (curcumin 4.94%, demethoxycurcumin 4.73%, and bisdemethoxycurcumin 3.91% in dried extracts) at 135 °C/5 min with water/ethanol mixture (50:50, v/v) as a solvent. On the other hand, the extraction yields of curcuminoids were obtained as 10.49%, 13.71% and 13.96% using the 50%, 95% and 100% ethanol, respectively, at the atmospheric condition (60 °C/120 min). Overall results showed that the subcritical solvent extraction is much faster and efficient extraction method considering extracted curcuminoids contents and has a potential to develop a commercial process for the extraction of curcuminoids.

Original languageEnglish
Article number17361
Pages (from-to)58-64
Number of pages7
JournalFood Chemistry
Volume185
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Oct 2015

Keywords

  • Curcuminoids
  • Lab-scale system
  • Pilot-scale system
  • Subcritical solvent extraction
  • Turmeric

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