Photocatalytic and electrocatalytic reduction of CO2 by MXene-based nanomaterials: A review

Jiyong Heo, Namguk Her, Min Jang, Chang Min Park, Ahjeong Son, Jonghun Han, Yeomin Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Recently, transition metal carbide or nitride (MXene)-based nanomaterials have been broadly investigated as new photocatalysts and electrocatalysts for the reduction of CO2 into valuable energy-rich fuels due to their unique properties such as rich surface chemistries, flexible morphologies, bandgap structures, considerable electrical conductivities, thermal stabilities, and significant specific surface areas. Nevertheless, only a few reviews have been reported on the application of MXenes or MXene-based nanomaterials as advanced photocatalysts and/or electrocatalysts for CO2 reduction, which do not cover new findings and the current development in the application of MXene-based nanomaterials for CO2 reduction. Accordingly, herein, we present a comprehensive review of current findings on the photocatalytic and electrocatalytic reduction of CO2 by various MXene-based nanomaterials. Particularly, this review focuses on the (i) photocatalytic reduction of CO2 by functionalized Ti3C2, TiO2/Ti3C2, g-C3N4/Ti3C2, and other/Ti3C2 catalysts, (ii) electrocatalytic CO2 reduction; (iii) CO2 reduction associated with photothermal catalysis and hydrogenation, and (iv) stability of MXene-based photoelectrocatalysts. Additionally, we have briefly explored the challenges in the large-scale fabrication of MXene-based nanomaterials and proposed the future research prospects of MXene-based nanomaterials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)987-1008
Number of pages22
JournalCritical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology
Issue number9
StatePublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

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© 2022 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.


  • Binoy Sarkar and Lena Q. Ma
  • CO reduction
  • MXene-based catalysts
  • electrocatalysis
  • photocatalysis


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