Phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) inhibitors stimulate osteoclast formation by increasing the TRANCE/OPG mRNA ratio via cAMP-mediated pathways in a manner similar to parathyroid hormone (PTH) in osteoblasts. We investigated the role of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in osteoclast formation induced by the PDE4 inhibitor rolipram. Rolipram induced COX-2 expression in mRNA and protein levels, followed by increased prostaglandin E2 production in osteoblasts. PKA, ERK, and p38 MAPK pathways regulate COX-2 mRNA expression induced by rolipram, in which PKA is a central regulator of the ERK and p38 MAPK pathways. A COX-2 inhibitor reversed the up-regulation of the TRANCE/OPG mRNA ratio induced by rolipram in osteoblasts, resulting in decreased osteoclast formation. These data suggest that COX-2 mediates rolipram induced osteoclast formation by regulating the TRANCE/OPG mRNA ratio in osteoblasts. Furthermore, the effects of the PDE4 inhibitor on osteoblasts were very similar to those of PTH, indicating that the PDE4 inhibitor largely shares the biological actions of PTH in osteoblasts.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - 2 Mar 2007|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by R01-2005-000-10305-0 from the Basic Research Program of the Korea Science and Engineering Foundation, and Korea Research Foundation Grant funded by Korea Government (MOEHRD) (KRF-2005-003E00316).
- Parathyroid hormone
- Phosphodiesterase 4