Background. Docetaxel is highly active in the second-line treatment of patients with metastatic or unresectable locally advanced nonsmall-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). As there is a need for first-line chemotherapy that is more effective than standard platinum-based chemotherapy, this study was undertaken to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of a docetaxel/cisplatin combination as first-line chemotherapy in advanced NSCLC. Methods. Newly diagnosed, chemotherapy-naive patients with histologically confirmed NSCLC (measurable stage IIIB/IV NSCLC; Karnofsky performance status, 70-100; adequate bone marrow, renal, hepatic, and cardiac function) were eligible for the study. Docetaxel 75mg/m2 was administered IV over 1 h, followed immediately by cisplatin 75mg/m2, given IV over 30min, with cycles repeated every 3 weeks, for up to six or nine cycles. Results. Thirty-nine patients were enrolled and treated. Their median age was 59 years (range, 32-71 years) and median performance status, 90 (range, 70-100). Histologically, 23 patients (59%) had adenocarcinoma, 12 (30.8%) had squamous cell carcinoma, and 16 patients (41%) had stage IV disease. Thirty-seven patients were eligible for inclusion. In the 39 patients evaluable for safety, significant grade 3/4 toxicities included neutropenia (82%), nausea (10.3%), fatigue (10.3%), and diarrhea (7.7%). Of the 33 patients evaluable for response, 16 patients (48.5%) achieved a partial response and 7 showed progressive disease. Median overall survival time in all eligible patients was 10.5 months. Conclusion. Docetaxel/cisplatin produced promising response rates that compare favorably with those of current standard platinum combinations, with manageable toxicity. Further investigations of this first-line combination in NSCLC are warranted.
- Chemotherapy-naive patients
- Non-small-cell lung cancer