In female sexual dysfunction (FSD), psychological and contextual factors significantly influence organic components of sexual response and behavior. The hormonal environment also affects FSD. Therefore, a tailored medical approach to each individual's sexual symptom is inevitable. This paper reviews currently available pharmacological treatment of FSD including the most recent advances and future targets in pharmacotherapy. In hormonal therapies for FSD, efficacy of estrogens and androgens on the treatment of vaginal atrophy, low sexual desire, and small subsets of genital arousal disorder, respectively, have been demonstrated. However, we need more data regarding long-term safety. There are two non-hormonal agents approved by the US Food and Drug Administration. Flibanserin has shown marginal benefit over placebo for the treatment of hypoactive sexual desire disorder. Ospemifen has shown beneficial effect on vulvovaginal pain from hormone related atrophy although it requires a longer period data to assess safety in other female genital organs, such as uterus and ovaries. Controversies still remain regarding hormonal therapies for FSD. Besides, some of the developing drugs still require more reliable safety and efficacy data. However, pharmacologic treatment of FSD is a promising field yet to be explored.
- Drug therapy
- Sexual dysfunction