Anatomical descriptions of the maxillary sinus are critical in pathological diagnosis and the treatment planning of surgical procedures. This study was undertaken to develop a new technique for simulating anatomical structures and to clarify the morphological and clinical characteristics of the maxillary sinus. Thirty-three hemi-sectioned Korean heads were used in this study. CT scans and DentaScan reformatted cross-sectional images were taken on all specimens. From the CT images, three-dimensional reconstructed images were made using the V-works program. From the three-dimensional reconstructed images of the maxillary sinus, six categories of maxillary sinus were created, categorized according to their lateral aspects and shapes of the inferior walls. In 55%, a flat inferior wall of the maxillary sinus was observed. All measurements (anterior-posterior length, height, width and volume) of the sinus were larger in males than in females. From the Denta-Scan reformatted panoramic images, the anterior limit of the maxillary sinus was located in the first premolar area (58%), and the posterior limit was in the third molar and maxillary tuberosity area (94%). We therefore offer a new virtual technique for manipulating three-dimensional reconstructed images easily on a personal computer. On the reconstructed images the three-dimensional morphology could be observed and the anatomical characteristics of the maxillary sinus and surrounding structures could be determined.
- Computed tomography
- DentaScan reformatted image
- Inferior wall of maxillary sinus
- Maxillary sinus
- Maxillary teeth