Peroxiredoxin-1 Tyr194 phosphorylation regulates LOX-dependent extracellular matrix remodelling in breast cancer

Shireen Attaran, John J. Skoko, Barbara L. Hopkins, Megan K. Wright, Laurel E. Wood, Alparslan Asan, Hyun Ae Woo, Adam Feinberg, Carola A. Neumann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Peroxiredoxin 1 (PRDX1) belongs to an abundant family of peroxidases whose role in cancer is still unresolved. While mouse knockout studies demonstrate a tumour suppressive role for PRDX1, in cancer cell xenografts, results denote PRDX1 as a drug target. Probably, this phenotypic discrepancy stems from distinct roles of PRDX1 in certain cell types or stages of tumour progression. Methods: We demonstrate an important cell-autonomous function for PRDX1 utilising a syngeneic mouse model (BALB/c) and mammary fibroblasts (MFs) obtained from it. Results: Loss of PRDX1 in vivo promotes collagen remodelling known to promote breast cancer progression. PRDX1 inactivation in MFs occurs via SRC-induced phosphorylation of PRDX1 TYR194 and not through the expected direct oxidation of CYS52 in PRDX1 by ROS. TYR194-phosphorylated PRDX1 fails to bind to lysyl oxidases (LOX) and leads to the accumulation of extracellular LOX proteins which supports enhanced collagen remodelling associated with breast cancer progression. Conclusions: This study reveals a cell type-specific tumour suppressive role for PRDX1 that is supported by survival analyses, depending on PRDX1 protein levels in breast cancer cohorts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1146-1157
Number of pages12
JournalBritish Journal of Cancer
Volume125
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 12 Oct 2021

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