Periods of Non-Han Rule

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

5 Scopus citations


For about half of its recorded history, parts or all of imperial China were ruled by non-Han peoples, mainly from Manchuria or Mongolia. The dynasties they founded (mainly the Liao, Jin, Xia, Yuan, and Qing) contributed greatly to the shaping of late imperial and modern China's boundaries and ethnic composition. Yet until recently these non-Han dynasties were treated as the stepchildren of Chinese history, and were studied mainly through the prism of Sinicization, namely when and how they embraced the allegedly superior Chinese culture. The chapter reviews the reasons for the marginalization of these dynasties and the historiographical turns-in terms of both sources and historical frameworks-that, especially since the 1990s, led to their study in their own Inner Asian terms. Highlighting the 'New Qing History' that led this change, the chapter discusses the common political culture of the Inner Asian dynasties and reviews directions of current and future research.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationA Companion to Chinese History
PublisherWiley Blackwell
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9781118624593
ISBN (Print)9781118624609
StatePublished - 11 Nov 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


  • Inner Asian nomads
  • Jin
  • Liao
  • Manchus
  • Mongols
  • Non-Han dynasties
  • Qing
  • Sinicization
  • Xi Xia
  • Yuan


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