In the present work, a unique core/shell structured TiO2/polyaniline (PANI) nanocomposite is successfully fabricated by chemically depositing PANI nanorods on a periodically arrayed TiO2inverse opal (IO) structure for energy storage applications. The morphology, composition, and electrochemical behavior of the TiO2/PANI core/shell structure are studied and compared with those of the PANI nanorods on stainless steel substrate. Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) and transmission electron spectroscopy (TEM) studies confirm the formation of a PANI nanorod shell structure on the core of the TiO2surface. A large specific capacity of 196.59 mA h g−1at a scan rate of 5 mV s−1is achieved for TiO2/PANI electrode which is comparable to that of TiO2(2.83 mA h g−1) and PANI (95.86 mA h g−1) electrodes. Such improvement is ascribed to PANI with a high capacity and excellent conductivity, and the TiO2IO structure with a large surface area and interconnected macropores, allowing efficient PANI nanorod loading, mass transport, and rapid charge transfer. A symmetric energy storage device is fabricated by assembling the two pieces of TiO2/PANI with a H2SO4gel electrolyte. The device shows the high energy density of 20.36 Wh kg−1at a power density of 500 W kg−1with good cycling stability (78% for 1000 cycles).
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by a grant from the Technology Development Program for Strategic Core Materials funded by the Ministry of Trade, Industry & EnergyMinistry of Trade, Industry and Energy ( 10047758 ) and grants from the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education ( 2012R1A6A1029029 , 2014M3A7B4052201 , and 2015R1A2A2A01008398 ), Republic of Korea. J. Kim and D. H. Kim acknowledge the financial support by the National Research Foundation of Korea Grant funded by the Korean Government ( 2014R1A2A1A09005656 ; 2011-0030255 ).
© 2016 Elsevier B.V.
- Inverse opal