Performance of a Novel CT-Derived Fractional Flow Reserve Measurement to Detect Hemodynamically Significant Coronary Stenosis

Si Hyuck Kang, Soo Hyun Kim, Sun Hwa Kim, Eun Ju Chun, Woo Young Chung, Chang Hwan Yoon, Sang Don Park, Chang Wook Nam, Ki Hwan Kwon, Joon Hyung Doh, Young Sup Byun, Jang Whan Bae, Tae Jin Youn, In Ho Chae

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Fractional flow reserve (FFR) based on computed tomography (CT) has been shown to better identify ischemia-causing coronary stenosis. However, this current technology requires high computational power, which inhibits its widespread implementation in clinical practice. This prospective, multicenter study aimed at validating the diagnostic performance of a novel simple CT based fractional flow reserve (CT-FFR) calculation method in patients with coronary artery disease. Methods: Patients who underwent coronary CT angiography (CCTA) within 90 days and invasive coronary angiography (ICA) were prospectively enrolled. A hemodynamically significant lesion was defined as an FFR ≤ 0.80, and the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) was the primary measure. After the planned analysis for the initial algorithm A, we performed another set of exploratory analyses for an improved algorithm B. Results: Of 184 patients who agreed to participate in the study, 151 were finally analyzed. Hemodynamically significant lesions were observed in 79 patients (52.3%). The AUC was 0.71 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.63–0.80) for CCTA, 0.65 (95% CI, 0.56–0.74) for CT-FFR algorithm A (P = 0.866), and 0.78 (95% CI, 0.70–0.86) for algorithm B (P = 0.112). Diagnostic accuracy was 0.63 (0.55–0.71) for CCTA alone, 0.66 (0.58–0.74) for algorithm A, and 0.76 (0.68–0.82) for algorithm B. Conclusion: This study suggests the feasibility of automated CT-FFR, which can be performed on-site within several hours. However, the diagnostic performance of the current algorithm does not meet the a priori criteria for superiority. Future research is required to improve the accuracy.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere254
JournalJournal of Korean Medical Science
Volume38
Issue number32
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Korean Academy of Medical Sciences.

Keywords

  • Computed Tomography
  • Coronary Artery Disease
  • Coronary CT Angiography
  • Fractional Flow Reserve

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