Performance assessment and optimization of forward osmosis–low pressure ultrafiltration hybrid system using machine learning for rhodamine B removal

Seong Nam Nam, Sewoon Kim, Namguk Her, Choe Earn Choong, Min Jang, Chang Min Park, Jiyong Heo, Yeomin Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Here, an in-series forward osmosis-low pressure ultrafiltration membrane system was devised for water treatment. Response surface methodology (RSM) and artificial neural network (ANN) machine learning techniques were applied to evaluate this system's performance and optimization with respect to water flux and rhodamine B (RhB) removal. The effects of initial feed solution (FS) concentration, draw solution (DS) concentration, initial feed pH, and natural organic matter (NOM) concentrate were examined using a central composite design. Models developed using RSM and ANN could successfully fit and predict the data with >99.5 % accuracy. DS and FS concentrations were the most influential factors on water flux and RhB removal, respectively. Statistical parameters demonstrated that ANN approach (water flux = 98.46 % and RhB removal = 99.85 %) was more reliable than RSM; it also better predicted system performance (water flux = 95.06 %; RhB removal = 97.01 %). The predicted optimum conditions for water flux and RhB removal were FS concentration = 47.01 mg L−1, DS concentration = 4.91 M, initial pH = 10.99, and NOM concentration = 7.97 mg L−1. Under these conditions, RSM and ANN models predicted water fluxes of 16.37 L m−2 h−1 and 16.38 L m−2 h−1, respectively, and RhB removal of 99.99 % and 99.95 %, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Article number116102
JournalDesalination
Volume543
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2022

Keywords

  • Artificial neural network
  • Forward osmosis
  • Machine learning
  • Response surface methodology
  • Ultrafiltration

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