Perceived Racial Discrimination and Mental Health in Diverse Groups of Asian Americans: The Differing Impacts by Age, Education, and Ethnicity

Yong Ju Cho, Woo Jung Lee, Hans Oh, Jungeun Olivia Lee, Bo Kyung Elizabeth Kim, Yuri Jang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine how perceived racial discrimination is associated with mental distress among diverse Asian Americans and to explore the potential moderators in the relationship. Based on the 2015 Asian American Quality of Life (AAQoL) survey (n = 2609), direct influences were tested of the contextual (demographic, health-related, and immigration-related) variables and perceived racial discrimination on mental distress, as well as their interactions. About 30% of the sample reported perceived racial discrimination, and 44% fell into the category of having mental distress. Perceived racial discrimination was associated with 1.90 times higher odds of mental distress and had significant interactions with age, education, and ethnicity. The association of mental distress with perceived racial discrimination was higher among those who were 60 or older, less educated, and Vietnamese than among their respective counterparts. Findings can guide strategic and targeted interventions for high-risk groups.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)970-976
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Volume24
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was funded by City of Austin (Grant No. 26-8275-39).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.

Keywords

  • Asian Americans
  • Mental distress
  • Perceived racial discrimination
  • Unfair treatment

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