We report the rational design and fabrication of unusual low-dimensional DNA nanostructures through programmable and sequence-specific peptide interactions. Dual-bioactive block copolymers composed of DNA and amino acid-based polymers (DNA-b-poly(amino acid)) were synthesized by coupling oligonucleotides to phenylalanine (Phe)-based polymers. Unlike prototypical DNA block copolymers, which typically form simple spherical micelles, DNA-b-poly(amino acid) assemble into various low-dimensional structures such as nanofibers, ribbons, and sheets through controllable amino acid interactions. Moreover, DNA-b-poly(amino acid) assemblies can undergo protease-induced fiber-to-sheet shape transformations, where the morphology change is dictated by the type of enzymes and amino acid sequences. The peptide-based self-assembly reported here provides a programmable approach to fabricate dynamic DNA assemblies with diverse and unusual low-dimensional structures.
- block copolymer