Peacebuilding and critical forms of agency: From resistance to subsistence

Oliver P. Richmond, Audra Mitchell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Scopus citations


The dominant paradigm of liberal peacebuilding is often applied in developing states even where such processes of mobilization are practically implausible and intellectually or culturally alien. Inevitably, each peace intervention is contested, resisted, re-shaped/shaped and responded to-hybridized-by local actors and forms of agency that are unique to each setting. This article explores these processes in Northern Ireland, Kosovo, Bosnia, Mozambique, Namibia, and Liberia, in order to assess how far "subsistence peacebuilding" agency is able to affect the liberal peacebuilding framework.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)326-344
Number of pages19
Issue number4
StatePublished - Nov 2011


  • agency
  • co-option
  • hybridity
  • liberal peace
  • peacebuilding
  • resistance


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