Patterns of Peace

Oliver P. Richmond

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


Different strategies are used to conceptualise peace in the literature on International Relations, peace and conflict studies. These have included strategies based upon the notion that peace is geographically contained, and constructed by race, identity, ideology, or power, and has universal qualities, although it is also utopian and unlikely to be fully achieved. What has developed more recently in the relevant literature is a hybrid version of peace - the liberal peace. This is universal, attainable, and dependent upon a specific methodology. The following essay outlines the main discursive characteristics associated with peace, and with the emergence of the concept of the liberal peace. It outlines the patterns of thought prevalent in the conceptualisation of peace, and their ontological and epistemological implications in the context of the liberal peace framework.This essay is partially based upon a section of my new book, The Transformation of Peace (London: Palgrave, 2005). I take responsibility for any errors in this essay.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)367-394
Number of pages28
JournalGlobal Society
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2006


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