Pattern of atherosclerotic carotid stenosis in Korean patients with stroke: Different involvement of intracranial versus extracranial vessels

Dae Chul Suh, Soo Hyun Lee, Kyung Rae Kim, Sung Tae Park, Soo Mee Lim, Sang Joon Kim, Choong Gon Choi, Ho Kyu Lee

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68 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The clinical pattern of stroke and the angiographic distribution of cerebral atherosclerosis in the Japanese and Chinese are different from those in whites. Our purpose was to evaluate the location and distribution of severe atherosclerotic stenoses in Korean patients by using cerebral angiography. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the cerebral angiographic findings in 268 patients (219 male, 49 female; mean age, 56 years) with one or more severe atherosclerotic stenoses (≥70%), as shown on angiograms. These patients were selected from 1436 patients who were examined between 1996 and 1997. The analysis focused on the intracranial or extracranial location of the stenosis, the anterior and posterior circulations, and the multiplicity of the lesions. Statistical analysis was performed by using the X2 test. The data were then compared with data reported in other races and ethnic groups. RESULTS: A total of 389 severe stenotic sites were detected in 268 patients. A single stenosis was found in 56 (21%), and multiple stenoses were found in 212 (79%). Lesions were located in the intracranial area in 52% and in the extracranial area in 48%. They were detected in anterior circulation in 59% and in posterior circulation in 41%. Thirty-seven (66%) of 56 single stenosis were located in the intracranial area, and 19 (34%) were in the extracranial area. Of 333 lesions, 167 (50%) were multiple stenoses in the extracranial area, and 166 lesions (50%) were located in the intracranial vessels. The prevalence of intracranial stenosis was significantly higher in the single-stenosis group than in the multiple stenosis group (P < .05). CONCLUSION: Korean patients with severe atherosclerotic stenoses tend to have more intracranial stenoses. In particular, those with an isolated stenosis have more intracranial stenoses, compared with those with multiple stenoses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)239-244
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Neuroradiology
Volume24
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2003

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