Pathways from peer victimization to sexual risk-taking behavior among African American adolescents in chicago's southside

Jun Sung Hong, Dexter R. Voisin, Jin Won Kim, Paula Allen-Meares, Dorothy L. Espelage

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Although empirical studies have documented high rates of peer victimization and sexual risk-taking behaviors among African American adolescents, only a few studies have examined the link between the two. The present study examines the pathways from peer victimization and sexual risktaking behavior among a sample of 269 African American adolescents residing in the Chicago, Illinois, Southside. Method: A cross-sectional research design was utilized among adolescents who completed self-report surveys for peer victimization, depression, exposure to negative peer norms, substance use, and sexual risk-taking behavior. Path analysis using structural equation models was conducted to examine linkages among the major study variables. Results: Peer victimization was not directly related to sexual risk-taking behavior. However, peer victimization was associated with greater negative peer norms and depression. Negative peer norms were also associated with greater depression, substance use, and sexual risk-taking behavior. In addition, peer victimization was associated with negative peer norms, which in turn were related to sexual risk-taking behavior. Finally, peer victimization was associated with greater negative peer norms, which in turn were related to more substance use, and subsequently higher sexual risk-taking behavior. Conclusion: Clinicians might utilize interventions aimed at promoting posttraumatic growth and altering violent and risky behaviors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)88-97
Number of pages10
JournalPsychology of Violence
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 American Psychological Association.

Keywords

  • Bully victims
  • Bullying
  • Peer victimization
  • Peer-to-peer violence
  • Youth violence

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