Panchromatically Responsive Organic Photodiodes utilizing a Noninvasive Narrowband Color Electrode

Shafidah Shafian, Kyungkon Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Organic photodiodes (OPDs) are emerging as potential candidates in image sensors owing to their high sensitivity and submicron photoactive layer thickness. For OPDs to be more competitive, it is necessary to develop an economical fabrication process and improve their narrowband spectral response from visible to near-infrared (NIR). In this study, panchromatic OPDs with a remarkable narrowband response from visible to NIR are developed by integrating a solution-processed optical filter-electrode (OF-electrode) and a panchromatic organic photoactive layer. Solution-processable TiO2 nanoparticles (sTNPs) bound to an acetylacetone ligand are used to construct the OF-electrode, which had the structure Ag/sTNP/Ag, and a ternary blend of a polymer donor, a nonfullerene acceptor, and a fullerene acceptor is used for preparing the panchromatic organic photoactive layer. Direct integration of the OF-electrode with the organic photoactive layer eliminates the need for additional OF installation, without damaging the underlying organic photoactive layer. Variation of the sTNP layer thickness controls the color filtering wavelength to vary from visible to NIR, with exceptionally narrow full width at half-maximum (fwhm) values of 48-82 nm and transparency values of 50-70%. Owing to their selective response for the desired color and their capability to minimize noise from other colors, the OPDs exhibit high sensitivity values of 2.82 × 1012, 3.02 × 1012, and 3.94 × 1012 cm Hz0.5/W (Jones) with narrow fwhm values of 110, 91, and 75 nm at a peak transmittance exceeding 65% for blue, green, and red, respectively. Furthermore, they detect NIR light at a wavelength of 950 nm with a narrow fwhm value of 51 nm and a high sensitivity of 3.78 × 1012 cm Hz0.5/W (Jones).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53012-53020
Number of pages9
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Issue number47
StatePublished - 25 Nov 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 American Chemical Society.


  • Fabry-Perot optical filter-electrode
  • narrowband optical filter
  • organic photodiode
  • organic photodiode
  • panchromatic electrode


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