Palladium-hydrogen interaction on supported Pd catalysts of different metal dispersions has been studied by hydrogen chemisorption and back-sorption, and by temperature-programmed desorption (TPD) of either deuterium or hydrogen from the Pd surface after different initial gas dosages. Pd interacts with three hydrogen species whose amounts vary with the metal dispersion and with the dosage pressure. The amount of hydrogen strongly adsorbed on the Pd surface increases with the metal dispersion but is unaffected by the hydrogen pressure. The amount of hydrogen absorbed in the bulk of Pd is significant with a poorly dispersed catalyst, particularly when the hydrogen pressure is higher than about 10 Torr, but decreases with the metal dispersion. Hydrogen weakly bound with Pd shows two characteristic TPD peaks, whose intensity depends on the metal dispersion and the initial gas dosage. The peak at 270-330 K, assigned to the recombination of absorbed hydrogen with surface hydrogen, is large with a poorly dispersed catalyst and grows with the initial hydrogen dosage. The intensity of the peak at 215-226 K is not affected by the metal dispersion or by the hydrogen dosage. It has been concluded that an analysis of the intrinsic properties of Pd catalysts should be based on an understanding of the hydrogen species associated with the catalysts.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by the Korea Science and Engineering Foundation (KOSEF) through the Research Center for Cata-lyric Technology (RCCT) of POSTECH and also by the Brain Korea 21 project of the Ministry of Eclucation, Korea.