Other Constructions

Kang Sin Choi, Jihn E. Kim

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


In this book, we emphasized the chiral nature of the SM. The orbifold construction has been discussed toward obtaining three family models from the E8 ×E8 heterotic string. But there are other methods also for obtaining 4D string models. Among these, we review very briefly on the fermionic construction and the intersecting brane setup. Since obtaining three families is one of the most important objectives going beyond 4D, we discuss three other constructions, fermionic construction, intersecting brane models, and F-theory, up to the point of introducing the possibility for three families as the first step to realistic model buildings.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationLecture Notes in Physics
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Number of pages24
StatePublished - 2020

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Physics
ISSN (Print)0075-8450
ISSN (Electronic)1616-6361

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020, Springer Nature Switzerland AG.


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