Mesoporous carbon nitrides (MCN) with C3N4 stoichiometry could find applications in fields ranging from catalysis, sensing, and adsorption–separation to biotechnology. The extension of the synthesis of MCN with different nitrogen contents and chemical structures promises access to a wider range of applications. Herein we prepare mesoporous C3N5 with a combined triazole and triazine framework via a simple self-assembly of 5-amino-1H-tetrazole (5-ATTZ). We are able to hybridize these nanostructures with graphene by using graphene–mesoporous-silica hybrids as a template to tune the electronic properties. DFT calculations and spectroscopic analyses clearly demonstrate that the C3N5 consists of 1 triazole and 2 triazine moieties. The triazole-based mesoporous C3N5 and its graphene hybrids are found to be highly active for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) with a higher diffusion-limiting current density and a decreased overpotential than those of bulk g-C3N4.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the program of the Discovery Early Career Researcher Award (DECRA) of the Australian Research Council (ARC) (grant number DE170101069). NEXAFS measurements were undertaken on the Soft X-ray Beamline at Australian Synchrotron. We acknowledge Mr. Peng Tan (Nanjing University) for his support to draw the schematic model of synthetic procedure.
© 2018 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
- N-rich carbon nitrides
- oxygen reduction reaction
- porous materials