PAC-14028 ((E)-N-((R)-1-(3,5-difluoro-4-methanesulfonylamino-phenyl)-ethyl)-3-(2-propyl-6-trifluoromethyl-pyridine-3-yl)-acrylamide) is a novel and potent transient receptor potential vanilloid type I (TRPV1) antagonist. We developed and validated a rapid, sensitive and selective liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometric method for determination of PAC-14028 in rat and minipig plasma. After protein precipitation PAC-14028 and internal standard (methylated analog, PAC-14026) were separated on a Symmetry C 18 column (4.6mm×75mm, 3.5μm) with an isocratic mobile phase, acetonitrile: water (8:2, v/v) containing 0.2% formic acid and monitored by electrospray positive ionization with multiple reaction monitoring mode (PAC-14028, 492→156; IS, 506→156, m/z). The calibration curve was linear over the range of 1.0-500ng/ml (r 2>0.999) and lower limit of quantitation (LLOQ) was 1ng/ml. The precision and accuracy were within ±15% and the stability was acceptable during bench-top, auto-sampler, 3 freeze-thaw cycles and 4-week storage in a freezer at -80°C. This method was successfully applied to the intravenous, oral and topical pharmacokinetic studies of PAC-14028 in rats and minipigs, which showed comparable pharmacokinetic parameters (T1/2, 2.1h and 3.8h; F%, 52.7% and 64.2% for rats and minipigs, respectively). Percutaneous absorption of PAC-14028 was negligible after topical application (F% 0.2-1.7%).
- Transient receptor potential vanilloid type I