Human insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-I) is the primary mediator of the effects of the growth hormone (GH). Therefore, it has been used as a biomarker to detect the abuse of GH in sports. The measurement of IGF-I relies on mass-based and immunological approaches to analysis. Among the mass-based analysis methods, liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry (LC–MS) has a number of functional advantages. LC–MS measurements based on the quantification of IGF-I, according to trypsin digestion, are used in the most common method of analyzing doping. However, this method is time-consuming and subject to experimental variability. In this study, we optimized a rapid method for detecting IGF-I without the trypsin digestion step. This method of analysis uses an ultra-centrifugal filter and an LC-HRMS through narrow-range mass scan method. To verify the validity of this method, eight categories of validation testing were applied with the following results: linearity, R2 > 0.99; limit of detection, 15 ng/ml; limit of quantification, 20 ng/ml; accuracy, >99%; recovery rate, >95%; carryover, <0.03; and inter- and intra-day precision values, %CV < 2% and %CV < 6%, respectively. Furthermore, we discussed the correlation of the quantified concentration from two other methods, immunoradiometric assay (IRMA) and parallel reaction monitoring method, using 209 serum samples. In conclusion, although both mass spectrometry-based methods worked equally well in terms of analytical performance and correlation with IRMA results, narrow-range mass scan method had several advantages, such as time and cost savings and reliable reproducibility, over the existing methods.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Korea Institute of Science and Technology, Grant/Award Number: an intramural grant / 2V08190 Funding information
© 2020 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
- doping control analysis
- hGH biomarker
- method validation
- narrow-range mass scan