Optimal design of a large scale Fischer-Tropsch microchannel reactor module using a cell-coupling method

Ikhwan Jung, Jonggeol Na, Seongho Park, Jeongwoo Jeon, Yong Gi Mo, Jong Yeol Yi, Jong Tae Chung, Chonghun Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


In this study, a C5 +0.5 BPD microchannel Fishcer-Tropsch process with a U-type cooling system was modeled using a cell coupling method, and multi-objective optimization was conducted using an artificial neural network as a surrogate model. Two objective functions (reactor core volume and maximum process temperature rise, ΔTmax) were to be minimized using seven design variables as optimization variables. Reactor core volume represents a reactor's compactness, which is essential for a micro-channel reactor, whereas ΔTmaxis highly related to reactor stability. A Pareto optimal solution was obtained for a feasible ΔTmaxrange of 3.8–6.8 K. The optimal reactor core volume for ΔTmaxof 3.8 K was 1.45 times larger than that for ΔTmaxof 6.8 K. As ΔTmaxincreases, the total reactor length is shortened while the total width and height remain relatively constant. A sensitivity analysis of Pareto optimization was conducted for two types of parameters: 1) coolant flow rate, and 2) fixed design parameters. Coolant flowrates over 750 LPM were found to be inefficient for the given conditions. Fixed design parameters were closely related to the capabilities of the reactor fabricator. The present study suggested a priority order for modifying fixed design parameters to increase compactness. Suitable points can be selected based on the specific requirements of plant conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)448-459
Number of pages12
JournalFuel Processing Technology
StatePublished - 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Elsevier B.V.


  • Artificial neural network
  • Cell-coupling method
  • Compact microchannel reactor
  • Fischer-Tropsch reaction
  • Multi-objective optimization
  • Orthogonal analysis


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