Optimal antipseudomonal ꞵ-lactam drug dosing recommendations in critically-ill Asian patients receiving CRRT

Soo Min Jang, Susan J. Lewis, Sandy Jeong Rhie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: The average body weight is smaller in Asian patients compared with Western patients, but influence of body weight in antibiotic dosing is unknown. This study was to predict the optimal ceftazidime, cefepime, meropenem, piperacillin/tazobactam doses in Asian patients undergoing continuous venovenous hemofiltration (CVVH). Methods: Monte Carlo simulations (MCS) were performed using published Asian demographics and pharmacokinetics parameters in 5000 virtual patients at three CVVH effluent rates (Qeff; 20, 30, 40 mL/kg/h). Various dosing regimens were assessed for the probability of target attainments using 60% fT > 1 × MIC or 4xMIC and neurotoxicity risk at 48-h using suggested neurotoxicity thresholds. Results: Ceftazidime 1 g q12h, meropenem 1 g q12h, and piperacillin/tazobactam 3.375 g q6h were optimal for all Qeff settings against fT > 1 × MIC. Cefepime 2 g q24h and 2 g q12h were optimal at 20 and 30–40 mL/kg/h respectively. For the aggressive PD target (4 × MIC), optimal ceftazidime regimens were 1.25 g q8h (20–30 mL/kg/h) and 1.5 g q8h (40 mL/kg/h). Cefepime 2 g q8h and meropenem 1 g q8h were optimal at all Qeff settings. No simulated piperacillin doses attained the aggressive PD target. Increased neurotoxicity risk was predicted with ceftazidime and cefepime doses attaining the efficacy. Conclusion: MCS enabled the prediction of optimal β-lactam dosing regimens for Asian patients receiving CVVH at varying Qeff. Clinical validation is warranted.

Original languageEnglish
Article number154172
JournalJournal of Critical Care
Volume72
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022

Keywords

  • Cefepime
  • Ceftazidime
  • Continuous renal replacement therapy
  • Meropenem
  • Monte Carlo simulation
  • Pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics
  • Piperacillin/tazobactam

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