On a flood-producing coastal mesoscale convective storm associated with the kor'easterlies: Multi-Data analyses using remotely-sensed and in-situ observations and storm-scale model simulations

Seon Ki Park, Sojung Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

A flood-producing heavy rainfall event occurred at the mountainous coastal region in the northeast of South Korea on 5-6 August 2018, subsequent to extreme heat waves, through a quasi-stationary mesoscale convective system (MCS). We analyzed the storm environment via a multi-data approach using high-resolution (1-km) simulations from the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) and in situ/satellite/radar observations. The brightness temperature, from the Advanced Himawari Imager water vapor band, and the composite radar reflectivity were used to identify characteristics of the MCS and associated precipitations. The following factors affected this back-building MCS: low-level convergence by the Korea easterlies (Kor'easterlies), carrying moist air into the coast; strong vertical wind shear, making the updraft tilted and sustained; coastal fronts and back-building convection bands, formed through interactions among the Kor'easterlies, cold pool outflows, and orography; mid-level advection of cold air and positive relative vorticity, enhancing vertical convection and potential instability; and vigorous updraft releasing potential instability. The pre-storm synoptic environment provided favorable conditions for storm development such as high moisture and temperature over the coastal area and adjacent sea, and enhancement of the Kor'easterlies by expansion of a surface high pressure system. Upper-level north-northwesterly winds prompted the MCS to propagate south-southeastward along the coastline.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1532
JournalRemote Sensing
Volume12
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2020

Keywords

  • Back-building convection
  • Heavy rainfall
  • Mesoscale convective system
  • Tapering cloud
  • The Korea easterlies

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