Older Korean Americans’ concern about Alzheimer’s disease: the role of immigration-related factors and objective and subjective cognitive status

Yuri Jang, Eunyoung Choi, Min Kyoung Rhee, Hyunwoo Yoon, Nan Sook Park, David A. Chiriboga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: The present study examined the associations between immigration-related factors and objective and subjective cognitive status with older Korean Americans’ concern about developing Alzheimer’s Disease (AD). It was hypothesized that (1) AD concern would be associated with immigration-related factors and (2) self-rated cognitive status would mediate the relationship between cognitive performance (Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) scores) and concern about AD. Method: Using data from the Study of Older Korean Americans (n = 2061, mean age = 73.2; 66.8% female), the direct and indirect effect models were tested. Results: Korean American immigrants with a higher level of acculturation had better cognitive performance, more positive self-ratings of cognitive status, and a lower level of concern about AD. Both poor cognitive performance and negative self-ratings of cognitive status were associated with increased concern about AD. Supporting the mediation hypothesis, the indirect effect of cognitive performance on AD concern through self-rated cognitive status was significant (bias corrected 95% confidence interval for the indirect effect = −.012, −.003). Conclusion: The mediation model not only helps us better understand the psychological mechanisms that underlie the link between cognitive status and AD concern but also highlights the potential importance of subjective perceptions about cognitive status as an avenue for interventions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)807-813
Number of pages7
JournalAging and Mental Health
Volume25
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

Keywords

  • Cognitive health
  • concerns about Alzheimer’s disease
  • older Korean Americans

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