Nurse practitioners' work hours and overtime: How much, and under what working conditions?

Sung Heui Bae, Jane Dimmitt Champion

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Purpose: To explore the nature and prevalence of nurse practitioner (NP) overtime, work hours, and their relationship to practice within NP work conditions. Data sources: A secondary analysis of data extracted from the 2012 National Sample Survey of Nurse Practitioners. The focus in this study was on data from NPs in active practice in clinical settings. The final analytic sample consisted of 9010 NPs. Conclusions/implications for practice: NPs working in hospitals and long-term care settings tended to work more than 40 h/week (p < .001). When healthcare facilities used electronic health records (p < .001) or had recently adopted electronic health records (p = .002), NPs were found to work more hours per week than those who did not. Regarding the type of relationships with physicians, NPs who worked more than 40 h/week either had hierarchical relationships with them (p < 0.001), or relationships in which the physician examined and signed off on patients whom the NP had examined (p < .001). These analyses provide a preliminary description of the nature and prevalence of NP work hours/overtime and work conditions related to longer work hours. Further study is indicated to assess the potential impact of work hours/overtime on NP roles and patient outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)138-143
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 American Association of Nurse Practitioners.


  • Occupational health
  • Quantitative
  • Scope of practice
  • Work environments


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