The specific recognition between a monoclonal antibody (mAb) and its epitope can be used in a tag system that has proved valuable in a wide range of biological applications. Herein, we describe a novel tag called RA-tag that is composed of a seven amino acid sequence (DIDLSRI) and recognized by a highly specific mAb, 47RA, against the bacterial toxin Vibrio vulnificus RtxA1/MARTXVv. By using recombinant proteins with the RA-tag at the N-terminal, C-terminal, or an internal site, we demonstrated that the tag system could be an excellent biological system for both protein purification and protein detection in enzyme-linked immunosorbent, Western blot, flow cytometry, and immunofluorescence staining analyses in Escherichia coli, mammalian cell lines, yeast, and plant. In addition, our RA-tag/47RA mAb combination showed high sensitivity and reliable affinity (KD = 5.90 × 10−8 M) when compared with conventional tags. Overall, our results suggest that the RA-tag system could facilitate the development of a broadly applicable tag system for biological research.
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© 2020 Elsevier B.V.
- Affinity purification
- Epitope tag
- Monoclonal antibody