Novel mechanism of gene transfection by low-energy shock wave

Chang Hoon Ha, Seok Cheol Lee, Sunghyen Kim, Jihwa Chung, Hasuk Bae, Kihwan Kwon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Extracorporeal shock wave (SW) therapy has been studied in the transfection of naked nucleic acids into various cell lines through the process of sonoporation, a process that affects the permeation of cell membranes, which can be an effect of cavitation. In this study, siRNAs were efficiently transfected into primary cultured cells and mouse tumor tissue via SW treatment. Furthermore SW-induced siRNA transfection was not mediated by SW-induced sonoporation, but by microparticles (MPs) secreted from the cells. Interestingly, the transfection effect of the siRNAs was transferable through the secreted MPs from human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) culture medium after treatment with SW, into HUVECs in another culture plate without SW treatment. In this study, we suggest for the first time a mechanism of gene transfection induced by low-energy SW through secreted MPs, and show that it is an efficient physical gene transfection method in vitro and represents a safe therapeutic strategy for site-specific gene delivery in vivo.

Original languageEnglish
Article number12843
JournalScientific Reports
Volume5
DOIs
StatePublished - 5 Aug 2015

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