Novel graded prognostic assessment for colorectal cancer patients with brain metastases

Byoung Hyuck Kim, Hae Jin Park, Kyubo Kim, Sae Won Han, Tae You Kim, Seung Yong Jeong, Kyu Joo Park, Eui Kyu Chie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Purpose: It is important to take into account potential prognostic factors to select patients with brain metastasis from colorectal cancer (CRC) who will benefit from active neurosurgical treatment. Therefore, we experimentally investigated our single institutional data to develop a novel CRC-specific graded prognostic assessment (GPA) and to help clinicians determine the optimal management. Methods and materials: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 107 patients with brain metastases from CRC who received any kind of treatment in our hospital and had sufficient clinical information. Results: The median overall survival was 5.2 months, and the 1- and 2-year overall survival rates were 23.7 and 6.6%, respectively. Multivariate analysis revealed that the number of brain metastases ≥ 6, presence of neurologic symptoms, and elevated serum carcinoembryonic antigen (≥ 30 ng/ml) were the independent prognostic factors for poor overall survival, while performance status was not. Based on this, we developed the CRC-specific GPA index and stratified patients into three categories. The median overall survival for patients with GPA scores of 0–0.5, 1.0–1.5, and 2.0–2.5 was 2.3, 4.3, and 12.7 months, respectively (p < 0.001). Surgery or stereotactic radiosurgery ± whole-brain radiotherapy showed a better survival than palliative whole-brain radiotherapy alone in patients with high GPA scores. Conclusions: We developed a novel CRC-specific GPA index, which could help physicians to stratify patients with brain metastases. Further efforts are needed to validate and improve this index.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1112-1120
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Clinical Oncology
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018, Japan Society of Clinical Oncology.


  • Brain metastases
  • Colorectal cancer
  • Graded prognostic assessment
  • Overall survival


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