North Korea: Policy failures, human insecurity, consequences, and prescriptions

Brendan Howe, Kah Ul Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


This article seeks to examine the causes and consequences of domestic and international policy failures in North Korea through the lens of human security, and to suggest several alternative policy options for the future. Human security is an emerging multi-disciplinary paradigm for understanding vulnerabilities at the level of individual human beings. It incorporates methodologies and analyses from a number of research fields, including strategic and security studies, development studies, human rights studies, international relations, and the study of international organizations. This article addresses the relationship between human security and development in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) by focusing on the dual concepts of freedom from fear and freedom from want as well as the relationship between human security and traditional state-centric security in North Korea and the surrounding region.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)281-310
Number of pages30
JournalKorea Observer
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2011


  • Development
  • Human security
  • International aid
  • Non-traditional security (NTS)
  • North Korea
  • Responsibility to protect (R2P)
  • Traditional security


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