Nononcologic Mortality after Pneumonectomy Compared to Lobectomy

Jeonghee Yun, Yong Soo Choi, Tae Hee Hong, Min Soo Kim, Sumin Shin, Jong Ho Cho, Hong Kwan Kim, Jhingook Kim, Jae Il Zo, Young Mog Shim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Pneumonectomy is associated with high mortality. Knowledge of the cause and timing of death is critically important to reduce mortality. This study aimed to compare long-term nononcologic mortality between pneumonectomy and lobectomy patients and investigate factors associated with nononcologic mortality. Medical records of 337 patients who underwent pneumonectomy and 7545 patients who underwent lobectomy from 2009 to 2018 were reviewed. Postoperative morbidity, mortality, and cause of death were investigated. Competing risk analysis was performed to compare nononcologic mortality between pneumonectomy and lobectomy patients. Independent prognostic factors of nononcologic death were analyzed. The 90 day, 1 year, and 5 year mortality rates after pneumonectomy were 7.1%, 20.8%, and 49.3%, respectively. The respective nononcologic mortality rates after pneumonectomy were 6.5%, 11.6%, and 14.5%. The most common nononcologic cause of death was pneumonia. The 5 year cumulative incidence of nononcologic mortality was higher after pneumonectomy than after lobectomy (14.5% vs. 2.1%; p < 0.001). Risk of nononcologic death was higher after pneumonectomy (hazard ratio 1.54; p = 0.038). Older age (hazard ratio 1.09; p < 0.001) was an independent prognostic factor associated with nononcologic death after pneumonectomy. Higher predicted postoperative diffusion capacity for carbon monoxide (PPO DLCO) approached significance (hazard ratio 0.97; p = 0.054) as a protective factor. Long-term nononcologic mortality was higher after pneumonectomy than lobectomy and the main cause of nononcologic death was pneumonia. Clinicians should prevent and aggressively treat pneumonia after surgery, particularly in older patients and those with low PPO DLCO.

Original languageEnglish
JournalSeminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Morbidity
  • Mortality
  • Nononcologic
  • Pneumonectomy
  • Prognostic factor

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