Nonintrusive Motor Current Signature Analysis

Thomas C. Krause, Lukasz Huchel, Daisy H. Green, Kahyun Lee, Steven B. Leeb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Motor current signature analysis (MCSA) techniques measure slip-related current signals in the supply lines of a squirrel-cage induction machine (SCIM) for slip estimation, fault detection, and motor diagnostics. In a traditional setup for MCSA, current sensors directly measure the machine currents and are usually installed physically close to the machine of interest, e.g., current transducers clamped about the machine stator leads. For grid-connected SCIMs, the slip-related current signals propagate through the power system. Thus, a single aggregate power monitor can potentially perform MCSA for a collection of SCIMs powered by a common electrical service, referred to in this article as nonintrusive MCSA. Current division and system impedances (source impedance, load impedances, and machine parameters) determine the applicability of nonintrusive MCSA. This article demonstrates measurement hardware, modeling, and experimental results for nonintrusive MCSA. Analysis and results investigate the current-source model of a grid-connected SCIM and its interaction with the system impedances. Applied to a distribution system with multiple machines, the techniques inform when nonintrusive MCSA is possible for collections of SCIMs and equivalent to traditional MCSA.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9000213
JournalIEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement
StatePublished - 2023

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  • Induction machines
  • power monitoring
  • slot harmonics


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