Background: The mortality and morbidity associated with video-assisted thoracoscopic (VATS) lung biopsy for interstitial lung disease (ILD) are not negligible. We evaluated whether non-intubated VATS lung biopsy, which avoids intubation and general anesthesia, can be safely performed in ILD subjects. Methods: This retrospective study compared the incidence of complications and surgical mortality between 25 consecutive intubated subjects and 10 non-intubated subjects (a total of 35 consecutive subjects) at a single institution. Results: No major surgical complications or deaths were reported in either group, and non-intubated VATS biopsies were safely performed in subjects with relatively low carbon monoxide diffusing capacity (P=0.08) or poor American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status scores (ASA) (P=0.02). Conclusions: These preliminary results suggest that non-intubated VATS lung biopsy is a safe and feasible option in patients with ILD.
- Interstitial lung disease (ILD)
- Lung biopsy
- Minimally invasive surgery
- Non-intubated videoassisted thoracic surgery
- Video-assisted thoracoscopic (VATS)