No increased risk of osteonecrosis of the jaw in osteoporotic patients with dental implants: a nationwide cohort study

Jung Hyun Park, Jae Ryun Lee, Hyejin Lee, Hyo Jung Lee, Jin Woo Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: The occurrence of implant-associated osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) has been reported in osteoporotic patients, particularly in association with bisphosphonate therapy. This study aimed to investigate the risk of implant surgery and implant presence for ONJ occurrence in osteoporotic patients longitudinally. Methods: Based on Korean National Health Information Database, subjects over the age of 65 who were diagnosed with osteoporosis between July 2014 and December 2016 were included. The implant group included subjects who had undergone dental implant surgery between January 2017 and December 2017, while the control group included those who had no history of dental implants. The primary outcome was the occurrence of ONJ, and the date of final follow-up was December 2020. Results: A total of 332,728 subjects with osteoporosis were included in the analysis: 83,182 in the implant group and 249,546 in the control group. The risk of ONJ among those who had undergone implant surgery (risk of implant surgery-associated ONJ) was not higher than that among those without implant surgery. The risk of ONJ among those with implants (risk of implant presence-associated ONJ) was lower than that among those without implants. Even in subjects with a history of bisphosphonates, steroids, periodontitis, or tooth extraction, those who had undergone implant surgery or had implants did not have a higher ONJ risk than those who had not undergone surgery or did not have implants; rather, they showed a lower risk. Conclusions: The results may suggest that dental implants are not associated with an increased risk of ONJ. A further study on whether dental implants are associated with lower ONJ risk is needed. Clinical relevance: Dental implants did not increase the risk of ONJ development in osteoporotic patients, even with a history of bisphosphonates. This may suggest that the risk profiles for ONJ occurrence between selective insertion of dental implants and other dentoalveolar surgery associated with infectious conditions are different.

Original languageEnglish
Article number83
JournalClinical Oral Investigations
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.


  • Bisphosphonate
  • Dental implant
  • Nationwide cohort
  • Osteonecrosis of the jaw
  • Osteoporosis


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