No Difference In Clinical Outcomes Following Repair of Large Retracted Anterior Rotator Cuff Tears Using Patch Augmentation With Human Dermal Allograft Versus Anterior Cable Reconstruction With Biceps Tendon Autograft

Seong Hun Kim, Sang Jin Shin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To compare the clinical outcomes and tendon integrity after rotator cuff repair combined with anterior cable reconstruction (ACR) using the proximal biceps tendon and patch augmentation (PA) using a human dermal allograft (HDA) in a large retracted anterior rotator cuff tear. Methods: Patients who underwent arthroscopic rotator cuff repair with 2 different augmentation procedures between January 2017 and December 2020 were enrolled. The inclusion criteria were patients who were treated by arthroscopic rotator cuff repair with ACR using the proximal biceps tendon (ACR group) or patch augmentation using a an HDA (PA group) and follow-up for at least 2 years. Clinical outcomes were assessed using American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) score, Constant score, and the number of patients who achieved minimal clinically important differences (MCID). Magnetic resonance imaging was performed to evaluate tendon integrity after surgery. Results: A total of 92 patients were enrolled (ACR group = 55 patients and PA group = 37 patients). The mean ASES and Constant scores significantly improved in the ACR group (68.8 ± 15.3 and 58.4 ± 16.9 before surgery vs 91.4 ± 6.3 and 87.8 ± 6.0 after surgery, P < .001) and in the PA group (63.7 ± 16.7 and 57.9 ± 15.4 before surgery vs 93.1 ± 6.3 and 88.3 ± 6.2 after surgery, P < .001). Overall, 78 patients (84.8%) achieved the MCID with 81.8% in the ACR group and 89.2% in the PA group, with no significant differences between the 2 groups (P = .638). Ten patients (18.2%) had retear in the ACR group, and three patients (8.1%) had retear in the PA group (P = .174). Conclusions: In large retracted anterior rotator cuff tears, both augmentation techniques using biceps tendon autograft and HDA provided satisfactory clinical outcomes that achieved the MCID in 84.8%, range of motion restoration, and lower retear rates with no significant differences between the two groups. Level of Evidence: Level III, retrospective case-control study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)294-302
Number of pages9
JournalArthroscopy - Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery
Volume40
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2024

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© 2023 Arthroscopy Association of North America

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