A family of six highly conserved proteins that contain domains rich in alternating serine/arginine residues (SR proteins) function in the regulation of splice site selection and are required for splicing. Using a selective precipitation method, more than 35 proteins were detected in nuclear extracts of He La cells that co-fractionate with the defined SR family. Many of these proteins were recognized by three monoclonal antibodies that bind to distinct phosphoepitopes on SR proteins. Two of these SR-related proteins were identified as the nuclear matrix antigens B1C8 and B4A11, which previously have been implicated in splicing. A subset of SR proteins, in their phosphorylated state, are associated with spliceosome complexes through both steps of the splicing reaction, remaining preferentially bound to complexes containing the exon-product. In contrast, other SR-related proteins appear to remain specifically associated with the intron-lariat complex. The results indicate the existence of a potentially large group of SR-related proteins, and also suggest possible additional functions of SR proteins at a post-splicing level.
|Number of pages
|Published - 1995
- Alternative splicing
- Nuclear matrix antigens
- Ser-Arg domain phosphorylation