The personality trait of neuroticism (N) has consistently shown to be a risk factor for Internet Addiction (IA). Review literature, however, looked at this in bivariate analyses only. To the best of our knowledge, we conducted the first review that systematically and conceptually summarized results based on the inclusion of additional factors, thus coming closer to the complex nature of the relationship of N with IA. Through a systematic search, we identified 56 studies investigating the relationship between N, IA, and other variables. We grouped the latter in: (i) internalizing problems, (ii) externalizing problems, (iii) coping style, (iv) well-being, and (v) other factors. Based on our findings, we propose a theoretical model, which would move a step forward towards the understanding of long-term consequences of IA. Hence, in the proposed model, N (predictor) would predict IA, which, in turn, would predict health-related consequences (outcome) – including internalizing and externalizing symptoms, general well-being, and low academic/cognitive performance. Coping style, maladaptive cognitions, and low cognitive control would partially mediate the link between N and IA, whereas gender, age, and social context would moderate the hypothesized relationships. The proposed theoretical model should pave the way to longitudinal research on the role of IA in neurotic (N) people to eventually inform public health policies.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was funded by the Swiss National Science Foundation (Grant no. 10001C_175874 ).
© 2021 The Author(s)
- Internet addiction