Glutamate neurotoxicity has been implicated in neuronal death in both acute CNS injury and in chronic neurodegenerative diseases. Five unique cyclic depsipeptides with neuroprotective activity, colletotrichamides A-E (1-5), were isolated from cultures of a halophyte Suaeda japonica-associated fungus, Colletotrichum gloeosporioides JS419. Spectroscopic analysis revealed that they were glycosylated cyclic lipodepsipeptides. Their relative configurations were determined by ROESY and J-based configuration analysis, and absolute configurations were established by chemical reactions including modified Mosher's method, advanced Marfey's method, and sugar derivatization. This is the first report of a glycosylated dimethyl-trioxygenated dodecanoyl moiety, and the relative as well as absolute stereochemistry was elucidated herein for the first time. Colletotrichamide C exhibited strong neuroprotective activity against glutamate in hippocampal HT22 cells.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF-2018R1A2B6001733 and NRF-2016R1A6A1A03007648).
© 2019 American Chemical Society.