Nature, Nurture, and Their Interplay: A Review of Cultural Neuroscience

Joni Y. Sasaki, Heejung S. Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


Cultural neuroscience research examines how psychological processes are affected by the interplay between culture and biological factors, including genetic influences, patterns of neural activation, and physiological processes. In this review, we present foundational and current empirical research in this area, and we also discuss theories that aim to explain how various aspects of the social environment are interpreted as meaningful in different cultures and interact with a cascade of biological processes to ultimately influence thoughts and behaviors. This review highlights theoretical and methodological issues, potential solutions, and future implications for a field that aspires to integrate the complexities of human biology with the richness of culture.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4-22
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Cross-Cultural Psychology
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016, © The Author(s) 2016.


  • cultural neuroscience
  • cultural psychology
  • genetics
  • gene–culture interactions
  • gene–environment interactions


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