Rationale: Among the biothiols-related diseases, sepsis is defined as life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by a dysregulated host response to infection and can result in severe oxidative stress and damage to multiple organs. In this study, we aimed to develop a fluorescence chemosensor that can both detect GSH and further predict sepsis. Methods: In this study, two new naphthalene dialdehyde compounds containing different functional groups were synthesized, and the sensing abilities of these compounds towards biothiols and its applications for prediction of sepsis were investigated. Results: Our study revealed that the newly developed probe 6-methoxynaphthalene-2, 3-dicarbaldehyde (MNDA) has two-photon is capable of detecting GSH in live cells with two-photon microscopy (TPM) under the excitation at a wavelength of 900 nm. Furthermore, two GSH detection probes naphthalene-2,3-dicarboxaldehyde (NDA) and 6-fluoronaphthalene-2,3- dicarbaldehyde (FNDA) not only can detect GSH in living cells, but also showed clinical significance for the diagnosis and prediction of mortality in patients with sepsis. Conclusions: These results open up a promising direction for further medical diagnostic techniques.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
J.Y. thanks the National Creative Research Initiative Program of the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Korean government (MSIP) for grant funding (Grant No. 2012R1A3A2048814). J.-H. R. thanks to the support by the Bio & Medical Technology Development Program of the NRF funded by the Korean government, MSIP (2017M3A9F3041229). C.Y. thanks the National Natural Science Foundation of China for grant funding (No. 21472118, 21672131). H.M.K. thanks the National Leading Research Lab Program of the NRF funded by MSIP for grant funding (No. 2016R1E1A1A02920873). Mass spectral data were obtained from the Korea Basic Science Institute (Daegu) using a Jeol JMS 700 high-resolution mass spectrometer.
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- Cell imaging
- Fluorescence probe