Nanotubular Iridium-Cobalt Mixed Oxide Crystalline Architectures Inherited from Cobalt Oxide for Highly Efficient Oxygen Evolution Reaction Catalysis

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Abstract

Here, we report the unique transformation of one-dimensional tubular mixed oxide nanocomposites of iridium (Ir) and cobalt (Co) denoted as IrxCo1-xOy, where x is the relative Ir atomic content to the overall metal content. The formation of a variety of IrxCo1-xOy (0 ≤ x ≤ 1) crystalline tubular nanocomposites was readily achieved by electrospinning and subsequent calcination process. Structural characterization clearly confirmed that IrxCo1-xOy polycrystalline nanocomposites had a tubular morphology consisting of Ir/IrO2 and Co3O4, where Ir, Co, and O were homogeneously distributed throughout the entire nanostructures. The facile formation of IrxCo1-xOy nanotubes was mainly ascribed to the inclination of Co3O4 to form the nanotubes during the calcination process, which could play a critical role in providing a template of tubular structure and facilitating the formation of IrO2 by being incorporated with Ir precursors. Furthermore, the electroactivity of obtained IrxCo1-xOy nanotubes was characterized for oxygen evolution reaction (OER) with rotating disk electrode voltammetry in 1 M NaOH aqueous solution. Among diverse IrxCo1-xOy, Ir0.46Co0.54Oy nanotubes showed the best OER activity (the least-positive onset potential, greatest current density, and low Tafel slope), which was even better than that of commercial Ir/C. The Ir0.46Co0.54Oy nanotubes also exhibited a high stability in alkaline electrolyte. Expensive Ir mixed with cheap Co at an optimum ratio showed a greater OER catalytic activity than pure Ir oxide, one of the most efficient OER catalysts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35057-35066
Number of pages10
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume9
Issue number40
DOIs
StatePublished - 11 Oct 2017

Keywords

  • cobalt
  • electrocatalyst
  • electrospinning
  • iridium
  • mixed metal oxide nanotubes
  • oxygen evolution reaction

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