Nanohillock formation by impact of small low-energy clusters with surfaces

V. N. Popok, S. V. Prasalovich, E. E.B. Campbell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


Results on nanoscale structuring of different substrates (silicon, pyrolytic graphite, indium-tin-oxide) using clusters from 20 to 100 atoms in size formed from gaseous precursors (O2, N2, Ar) at relatively low impact energy up to 15 keV are presented. Images of the substrate surfaces after cluster collisions obtained using atomic force microscopy show the formation of hillocks from a few to 15 nm height with a basal diameter from 50 to 300 nm depending on implantation conditions. The shape and size of the structures are found to be a function of the cluster size and species, implantation energy, impact angle and the type of substrate. A model explaining the hillock formation is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)145-153
Number of pages9
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2003

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Authors acknowledge financial support from the Göran Gustafsson Foundation for Research in Natural Science and Medicine and The Swedish Research Council (Vetenskapsrådet, contract No. 621-2002-5387).


  • Atomic force microscopy
  • Cluster ion implantation
  • Nanosize hillock
  • Pulsed cluster source


Dive into the research topics of 'Nanohillock formation by impact of small low-energy clusters with surfaces'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this