N -Octyl-2,7-dithia-5-azacyclopenta[a]pentalene-4,6-dione-based low band gap polymers for efficient solar cells

Seul Ong Kim, Youn Su Kim, Hui Jun Yun, Il Kang, Youngwoon Yoon, Nara Shin, Hae Jung Son, Honggon Kim, Min Jae Ko, Bong Soo Kim, Kyungkon Kim, Yun Hi Kim, Soon Ki Kwon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


We report the synthesis, characterization, and solar cell properties of new donor-acceptor-type low band gap polymers (POBDTPD and PEBDTPD) that incorporate dialkoxybenzodithiophene (BDT) as the donor and N-octyl-2,7-dithia- 5-azacyclopenta[a]pentalene-4,6-dione (DTPD) as the acceptor. The newly developed DTPD moiety was carefully designed to lower a band gap via strong interaction between donor-acceptor moieties and keep polymer energy levels deep. Remarkably, the DTPD acceptor moiety effectively widens the light absorption range of the polymers up to ∼900 nm while positioning their HOMO and LUMO levels in the optimal range, i.e., -5.3 and -4.0 eV, respectively, for high power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) as we intended. Solar cell devices were fabricated according to the structure ITO/PEDOT:PSS/photoactive (polymer:PC 70BM)/TiO2/Al. The POBDTPD devices exhibited a PCE of 4.7% with a Voc of 0.70 V, a Jsc of 10.6 mA/cm2, and a FF of 0.64. The PEBDTPD devices yielded a higher PCE of 5.3% with a V oc of 0.72 V, a Jsc of 13.5 mA/cm2, and a FF of 0.54. AFM, TEM, and PL quenching measurements revealed that the high J scs are a result of the appropriate morphology and efficient charge separation. In comparing the performances of the two polymer devices, the higher Jsc for the PEBDTPD device was attributed to its better nanoscale phase separation, smoother surface, and higher carrier mobility in the polymer:PC70BM blend films. The higher FF for the POBDTPD device was ascribed to a good balance between the hole and electron mobilities. Overall, we demonstrate that the DTPD unit is a promising electron-accepting moiety to develop high performance low band gap polymers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3861-3869
Number of pages9
Issue number10
StatePublished - 28 May 2013


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