Protein kinase C delta (PKCδ) is one of the important isoforms of PKCs that regulate various cellular processes, including cell survival and apoptosis. Studies have shown that activation of PKCδ is correlated with apoptosis in various cell types, depending upon various stimuli. Phosphorylation of Thr505, Ser643 and Ser662 is crucial in activation of PKCδ. Furthermore, phosphorylation of tyrosine residues, in particular that of Tyr311, is associated with PKCδ activation and induction of apoptosis. Here, we generated a hydrophobic motif phosphorylation-deficient mutant of PKCδ (PKCδ-S662A) by mutating Ser662 to Ala, and studied the effect of this mutation in inducing apoptosis in L929 murine fibroblasts. We report that this mutation renders PKCδ apoptotically more active. Furthermore, we found that the mutant PKCδ-S662A is tyrosine-phosphorylated and translocated to the membrane faster than its wild-type counterpart.
- Hydrophobic motif