Several genetic mutations have been reported to increase susceptibility to chronic pancreatitis. However, their roles in alcoholic chronic pancreatitis are controversial. We investigated the prevalence of SPINK1 N34S and new CFTR Q1352H mutations in alcoholic chronic pancreatitis in Korea. Forty-three patients with alcoholic chronic pancreatitis were enrolled and 35 healthy individuals served as controls. The SPINK1 N34S mutation was detected by the PCR-RFLP technique. The CFTR Q1352H mutation was examined with PCR direct sequencing. Mean age of chronic pancreatitis and control groups was 53.2 and 51.3 years, respectively. A SPINK1 N34S was detected as a heterozygote in one (2.4%) patient with alcoholic chronic pancreatitis and a heterozygote CFTR Q1352H was detected in one other patient. In the control population, neither SPINK1 nor CFTR mutation was detected. This study shows that SPINK1 N34S and CFTR Q1352H mutations are uncommon and do not play an important role in chronic alcoholic pancreatitis in Korea.
- Chronic pancreatitis